2 Esdras

2 Esdras (also called 4 Esdras, Latin Esdras, or Latin Ezra) is the name of an apocalyptic book in some English versions of the Bible. Tradition ascribes it to Ezra, a scribe and priest of the 5th century BCE, but scholarship places its composition between 70 and…

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First Edras

1 Esdras (Greek: Ἔσδρας Αʹ), also Esdras A, Greek Esdras, Greek Ezra, or 3 Esdras, is an ancient Greek version of the biblical Book of Ezra in use among the early church, and many modern Christians with varying degrees of canonicity. 1 Esdras…

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The Second book of Maccabees

The Second Book of Maccabees, also called 2 Maccabees, is a deuterocanonical book originally in Greek which focuses on the Maccabean Revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes and concludes with the defeat of the Seleucid Empire general Nicanor in 161 BC by Judas Maccabeus, the “hero of the Jewish…

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The First Book of Maccabees

The First Book of Maccabees, also called 1 Maccabees, is a book written in Hebrew by an anonymous Jewish author after the restoration of an independent Jewish kingdom by the Hasmonean dynasty, around the late 2nd century BC….

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Bell and the Dragon

The narrative of Bel and the Dragon is incorporated as chapter 14 of the extended Book of Daniel. The original Septuagint text in Greek survives in a single manuscript, Codex Chisianus, while the standard text is due to Theodotion, the…

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Esther Additions

ESTHER, ADDITIONS TO. The apocryphal book, Additions to Esther, consists of six passages (107 vv), inserted into the Gr. text in various places. It is generally assumed that the Heb. was tr. into Gr….

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Divine Name

Do you know the name of the Holy One that created you? Can you tell? Did you say, God, Lord, Jehovah, or how about Jesus? Sadly, when one poses this question to the general…

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Susanna

Susanna (/suˈzænə/; Hebrew: שׁוֹשַׁנָּה‎, Modern: Šošana, Tiberian: Šôšannâ: “lily”), also called Susanna and the Elders, is a narrative included in the Book of Daniel (as chapter 13) by the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church. It is one of the additions to Daniel, considered apocryphal by Protestants. It is listed in Article…

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The Acts of Thomas

The early 3rd-century text called Acts of Thomas is one of the New Testament apocrypha. References to the work by Epiphanius of Salamis show that it was in circulation in the 4th century. The complete versions that survive are Syriac and Greek….

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The Apocalypse of Paul Revelation of Paul

The Apocalypse of Paul (Apocalypsis Pauli, more commonly known in the Latin tradition as the Visio Pauli or Visio sancti Pauli) is a fourth-century non-canonical apocalypse considered part of the New Testament apocrypha.The original Greek version of the Apocalypse is lost, although heavily redacted…

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